Abstract for johnson_trec8

Proceedings, TREC-8 1999.


S.E. Johnson , P. Jourlin, K. Sparck Jones & P.C. Woodland

November 1999

This paper presents work done at Cambridge University on the TREC-8 Spoken Document Retrieval (SDR) Track. The 500 hours of broadcast news audio was filtered using an automatic scheme for detecting commercials, and then transcribed using a 2-pass HTK speech recogniser which ran at 13 times real time. The system gave an overall word error rate of 20.5% on the 10 hour scored subset of the corpus, the lowest in the track. Our retrieval engine used an Okapi scheme with traditional stopping and Porter stemming, enhanced with part-of-speech weighting on query terms, a stemmer exceptions list, semantic `poset' indexing, parallel collection frequency weighting, both parallel and traditional blind relevance feedback and document expansion using parallel blind relevance feedback. The final system gave an Average Precision of 55.29% on our transcriptions.

For the case where story boundaries are unknown, a similar retrieval system, without the document expansion, was run on a set of ``stories'' derived from windowing the transcriptions after removal of commercials. Boundaries were forced at ``commercial'' or ``music'' changes and some recombination of temporally close stories was allowed after retrieval. When scoring duplicate story hits and commercials as irrelevant, this system gave an Average Precision of 41.47% on our transcriptions.

The paper also presents results for cross-recogniser experiments using our retrieval strategies on transcriptions from our own first pass output, AT&T, CMU, 2 NIST-run BBN baselines, LIMSI and Sheffield University, and the relationship between performance and transcription error rate is shown.

| (ftp:) johnson_trec8.ps.gz | (http:) johnson_trec8.ps.gz | (ftp:) johnson_trec8.pdf | (http:) johnson_trec8.pdf | (http:) johnson_trec8.html/ |

If you have difficulty viewing files that end '.gz', which are gzip compressed, then you may be able to find tools to uncompress them at the gzip web site.

If you have difficulty viewing files that are in PostScript, (ending '.ps' or '.ps.gz'), then you may be able to find tools to view them at the gsview web site.

We have attempted to provide automatically generated PDF copies of documents for which only PostScript versions have previously been available. These are clearly marked in the database - due to the nature of the automatic conversion process, they are likely to be badly aliased when viewed at default resolution on screen by acroread.